Temperature Effect on Traditional Pear (Pyrus communis L.) Landraces Seed Germination

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Suzana Jordanovska
Elizabeta Miskoska Milevska


Investigations included six traditional pear landraces (Pyrus communis L.): Aleksandra, Vodenka, Patlidjanka, Ljubichica, Tatlikuti and Crvenushka. The number of seeds per fruit, seed energy and total seed germination were investigated and statistically analysed (P = .05 and P = .01). Seed stratification encompassed pre-chilling by using three treatments: I treatment covers seed pre-chilling at -18°C for 24 hours; II treatment covers seed pre-chilling at +1°C for 2 weeks; III treatment covers seed pre-chilling at +8°C for 1 week. Only Patlidjanka belongs to the group with high seed number in the fruit. The other landraces produced low seed number like 2-3 seeds per fruit. The average number of all researched landraces is 3.67 seeds per fruit. The pear Tatlikuti showed a very high significant difference (P = .01). It was concluded that III treatment showed the highest seed energy at landraces Ljubichica 77.5% and Tatlikuti 75.0% and the lowest at Aleksandra 52.5%. There were significant differences (P = .05) between the applied treatments regarding seed energy. In II treatment, the total seed germination had the highest effect on Patlidjanka 87.75%. The values for germination seeds in the other landraces were in the range of 77.5% to 86.25%. Statistically, a significant difference was determined in the landraces Ljubichica and Crvenushka (P = .05), and there was high significant difference (P = .01) in the pear Aleksandra. The II and III treatments could be recommended as the most suitable to improve the pear seed germination.

Pear, Pyrus communis L, traditional landraces, seed stratification, seed number per fruit, total germination.

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How to Cite
Jordanovska, S., & Milevska, E. (2018). Temperature Effect on Traditional Pear (Pyrus communis L.) Landraces Seed Germination. Annual Research & Review in Biology, 29(3), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/ARRB/2018/44852
Original Research Article