Developments of an Emerging Infectious Agent: Norovirus

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Manikant Tripathi
Shailendra Kumar


Norovirus, a member of calciviruses family is the leading cause of community-acquired and nosocomial acute gastroenteritis or inflammation of the stomach and intestine. This pathogenic virus is highly communicable and found in the stools and vomit of infected persons. The symptoms of infection include sudden vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramp, headache, low grade fever, nausea, chills, etc. This RNA virus spreads through contaminated foods or liquids, sharing norovirus loaded objects and contact with infection individual. There is neither a specific medicine nor vaccination available for norovirus infection. Some vaccines are under pre-clinical trials. However, the virus can be controlled by following good personal hygiene practices such as hand washing, eating properly washed fruits and vegetables, properly cooked foods, and cleaning of the area occupied by patient. Norovirus infection can be regulated through public awareness and dissemination of proper knowledge about this viral infection. The present review summarizes the biology of infections caused by norovirus and their control measures.

Calciviruses, diarrhea, viral gastroenteritis, inflammation, norovirus

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How to Cite
Tripathi, M., & Kumar, S. (2019). Developments of an Emerging Infectious Agent: Norovirus. Annual Research & Review in Biology, 31(4), 1-6.
Review Article