Lipids: Role in Embryonic Development (Review)

Main Article Content

Marisol León
A. C. B. Rodrigues
A. O. M. Turquetti
A. D. Cereta
L. F. Melo
L. M. Durand
A. L. J. Delgado
D. Evangelista-Leite
M. A. Miglino

Abstract

Aims: We propose to briefly review the specific role of lipids in embryonic structures development.

Results: Lipids are organic substances insoluble in water, divided into several classes, such as fatty acids, glycolipids, phospholipids, ceramides, sphingolipids, and stereo-lipids. They participate in processes of cellular metabolism and embryonic development which are associated with signalling, proliferation and cell migration. They act in developmental processes such as calcification and bone mineralization, pulmonary maturity, cellular differentiation, and neural survival, epithelial cells polarization and muscle formation, in which phospholipids as a major group, work more regularly. Lipids during embryonic development work directly as transport molecules or cell markers. In addition to an imbalance in its enzymatic and protein precursors (such as choline kinase), lipids can increase or decrease lipid concentration in cells, prevent its biotransformation, or affect its synergy with other molecules, leading to failures in the formation of organs such as the heart, brain, and bones. This aims to further the understanding of these processes and highlight its feasibility for future clinical applications.

Conclusion: Lipids maintain cell membrane integrity in blastocysts, transport calcium to nerve and bone cells, facilitate neural apoptosis, and promote pulmonary maturation. These results aid in the understanding and prediction of alterations in lipidic metabolic syndromes in several pathological disorders during organ development.

Keywords:
Lipids, embryonic development, embryonic lethality, pulmonary maturation, neural development, bone formation

Article Details

How to Cite
León, M., Rodrigues, A. C. B., Turquetti, A. O. M., Cereta, A. D., Melo, L. F., Durand, L. M., Delgado, A. L. J., Evangelista-Leite, D., & Miglino, M. A. (2019). Lipids: Role in Embryonic Development (Review). Annual Research & Review in Biology, 33(3), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/arrb/2019/v33i330120
Section
Review Article

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