Diversity of Avian Fauna in Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary, Ariyalur District, Tamil Nadu, India

Satheesh N *

Tamil Nadu Forest Department, Trichy, India.

K.Baranidharan

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

S.Krishnamoorthi

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

M.Vijayabhama

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

S.Mugilan

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Birds serve as key indicators of environmental health, helping to monitor and maintain ecological balance. The study conducted from 2021 to 2024 in the Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary, located in the Ariyalur district, aimed to assess year-wise species diversity, richness, relative diversity, evenness, density, and relative abundance of wetland birds. The total count method was employed to estimate the population of wetland birds. The study at Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary recorded 97 bird species over four years, with 30 migrant and 67 resident species. Among these, five species were Near Threatened viz., Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa), Woolly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus), Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis), Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus) and Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster) and two were Vulnerable viz., Greater Spotted Eagle (Clanga clanga) and Common Pochard (Aythya ferina). Comparative studies in other sanctuaries revealed similar patterns in species diversity and abundance. The highest species diversity at Karaivetti was in 2021, while the highest richness occurred in 2022. Total bird density was highest in 2021 and lowest in 2024, with the Little Cormorant showing the highest relative abundance in recent years.

Keywords: Wetland, water birds, karaivetti bird sanctuary, year-wise variations


How to Cite

N, Satheesh, K.Baranidharan, S.Krishnamoorthi, M.Vijayabhama, and S.Mugilan. 2024. “Diversity of Avian Fauna in Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary, Ariyalur District, Tamil Nadu, India”. Annual Research & Review in Biology 39 (6):71-86. https://doi.org/10.9734/arrb/2024/v39i62090.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ramamurthy V, Rajakumar R. A study of avifaunal diversity and influences of water quality in the Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary, Tiruvarur District, Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. 2014;3(1).

Ramsar C. The list of wetlands of international importance. RAMSAR Secretariat: Gland, Switzerland; 2004.

Guptha MB, Vijayan L, Sandaliyan S, Sridharan N. Status of Wetlands and Wetland Birds in Coimbatore, Trichy, Perambalore and Thiruvarur Districts in Tamil Nadu, India. World Journal of Zoology. 2021;6(2):154-158.

Ekhande A, Patil J, Padate G. Study of birds of Yashawant Lake with respect to densities, species richness and Shannon-Weiner indices and its correlation with lake dynamics. European Journal of Zoological Research. 2012;1(1):6-15.

Gibbs JP. Importance of small wetlands for the persistence of local populations of wetland-associated animals. Wetlands. 1993;13:25-31.

Paracuellos M. How can habitat selection affect the use of a wetland complex by waterbirds?. Biodiversity & Conservation. 2006;15(14):4569-4582.

Salathe T. (ed.) Conserving Migratory Birds. Technical publicaton no. 12. Internatonal Council for Bird Preservaton, Cambridge, England. 1991;393.

Kauzeni AS, Kiwasila HL. Serenget regional conservaton strategy: A socioeconomic study. Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania: Insttute of Resource Assessment University of Dar Es Salaam; 1994.

Kideghesho JR, Nyahongo JW, Hassan SN, Tarimo TC, Mbije NE. Factors and ecological impacts of wildlife habitat destruction in the Serengeti ecosystem in northern Tanzania. African Journal of Environmental Assessment and Management. 2006;11:17-32.

Kaur R, Brraich OS. Abundance and diversity of threatened birds in Nangal Wetland, Punjab, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2021;13(12):19733-19742.

Abir S. Seasonal variations in physico-chemical characteristics of Rudrasagar wetland-a Ramsar Site, Tripura, North East, India. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences; 2014. ISSN, 2231, 606X.

Gupta D, Ranjan RK, Parthasarathy P, Ansari A. Spatial and seasonal variability in the water chemistry of Kabar Tal wetland (Ramsar site), Bihar, India: multivariate statistical techniques and GIS approach. Water Science and Technology. 2021; 83(9):2100-2117.

Grimmett R, Inskipp C, Inskipp T, Byers C. Pocket guide to the birds of the Indian subcontinent; 1999.

Ali S, Ali S. The book of Indian birds. Oxford University Press, USA; 1996.

Shannon CE, Wiener. The mathematical theory of communications, University of Illinois, Chicago. Urbana. 1963;117.

Harisha MN, Hosetti BB. Diversity and distribution of avifauna of Lakkavalli range forest, Bhadra wildlife sanctuary, western ghat, India. Ecoprint: An International Journal of Ecology. 2009;16:21-27.

Anjos LD. Species richness and relative abundance of birds in natural and anthropogenic fragments of Brazilian Atlantic forest. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. 2004;76(2):429-434.

Baranidharan K, Vijayabhama M, Sathish N, Vigneswaran S. Study on seasonal variations of wetland birds in Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary, Ariyalur, Tamil Nadu, India. Agriculture Association of Textile Chemical and Critical Reviews Journal. 2022;92-97.

Krishnamoorthi S, Shivaa MK, Baranidharan K, Prasanthrajan M. Study on seasonal variations of wetland birds in Vellode bird sanctuary, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2020;8:333-337.

Vas AM, Baranidharan K, Vigneswara S, Tilak M, Vijayabhama M. Seasonal dynamics of avian diversity in mine spoil afforested areas: A study in and around NLCIL, Neyveli. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023;12(8):1357-1364.

Satheesh N, Baranidharan K, Krishnamoorthi S, Vijayabhama M, Mugilan S. Diversity and Abundance of Wetland Birds in Udayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary, Tiruvarur District, Tamil Nadu, India. Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology. 2024;23(6):80-90.

Manohara G, Harisha MN, Hosetti BB. Status, diversity and conservation threats of migratory wetland birds in Magadi Bird Sanctuary, Gadag district, Karnataka, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology studies. 2016;4(4):265-269.

Anika T, Parasharya BM. Importance of sewage treatment ponds for water- birds in semi-arid zone of Gujarat, India. International Journal of Research in BioSciences. 2013;2(4):17-25.

Baranidharan K, Krishnamoorthi S, Vijayabhama M. Study on seasonal variation of wetland birds in Coimbatore District in Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Wildlife Research. 2020;8(2):20-23.

Baranidharan K, Krishnamoorthi S, Vijayabhama M, Mugilan S. Status, diversity and species composition of wetland birds on Vaduvoor Bird Sanctuary, Tiruvarur District, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International. 2024;25(3):99-106.