Occurrence and Distribution of Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Mungbean in Jaipur District, Rajasthan, India

Rahul Meena

Division of Nematology, Rajasthan Agriculture Research Institute, Jaipur, SKN Agriculture University, Jobner, Jaipur- 303329, Rajasthan, India.

B.S. Chandrawat *

Department of Nematology, SKN College of Agriculture, SKN Agriculture University, Jobner, Jaipur- 303329, Rajasthan, India.

Manisha

Department of Nematology, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, MPUAT, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.

R.L. Midha

Division of Nematology, Rajasthan Agriculture Research Institute, Jaipur, SKN Agriculture University, Jobner, Jaipur- 303329, Rajasthan, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aim: Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek) is one of the important pulse crops grown in India. Considering the economic importance of nematodes as disease causing organism of mungbean the present investigation was carried out to know the distribution of plant parasitic nematodes in mungbean crops in Jaipur district of Rajasthan.

Methodology: A total 139 soil samples were collected from mungbean fields of 12                          different localities in Jaipur district. The samples were processed using Cobb's                                  sieving and decanting technique followed by Baermann's funnel technique and nematode population was counted in suspension and identified on the basis of their morphological       characters.

Results: The samples were infected with mainly four genera of plant parasitic nematodes i.e., Meloidogyne spp., Helicotylenchus spp., Pratylenchus spp. and Tylenchorhynchus spp. etc. Out of 139 soil samples, 120 samples showed the presence of Meloidogyne javanica with 86.33 % occurrence, 18.82 % absolute density, 83.81 % relative density and 15.85 % prominence value and found most predominant in different surveyed localities in Jaipur district.

Keywords: Nematode, distribution, occurrence, mungbean, pulses


How to Cite

Meena, Rahul, B.S. Chandrawat, Manisha, and R.L. Midha. 2024. “Occurrence and Distribution of Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Mungbean in Jaipur District, Rajasthan, India”. Annual Research & Review in Biology 39 (7):32-39. https://doi.org/10.9734/arrb/2024/v39i72096.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonymous. Pulses in India: Retrospect & Prospects; 2017.

Singh DP, Singh BB. Breeding for tolerance to abiotic stress in mung bean, Journal of food legume. 2011;24(2).

Anonymous (2022-23). Pulses in India: Retrospect & Prospects -2022-23.

Narzikulova MF, Eshova HS, Xolboyeva MA, Mirzaliyeva GR. Prevalence of Phytonematodes Found in Potato Soil and Its Root System. Asian Journal of Biology 2024;20(7):17-24. Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/ajob/2024/v20i7420

Borthakur, Polash L., Bornali Mahanta, Aparajita Borah, Pranab Dutta. Identification of plant parasitic nematodes associated with Citrus in Dibrugarh District. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports. 2024;30(4):266-73. Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2024/v30i41913.

Márquez LA, Gomes CB, Bellé C, Dallagnol LJ, de Araujo Filho JV. Unveiling the structure and distribution of plant-parasitic nematode communities in soybean fields in southern of the Brazil. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 2021;160:457-68.

McSorley R, Dickson DW. Vertical distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes in sandy soil under maize. Plant and Soil. 1990;123:95-100.

Sharma OP, Bambawal M, Gopali JB, Bhagat S, Yelshatty S, Singh SK, Anand R, Singh OP. Field guide mung bean and urd bean dept. of agriculture co-operation (GOVT. OF INDIA) and ncipm, 1:1; 2011.

Taylor RS, Weaver DB. Wood C, Santen EV. Nitrogen application increases yield and early dry matter accumulation in late-planted soybean. Crop Sci. 2005;45:854-858.

Gupta DC, Verma KK. Studies on available losses in mung bean due to root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica and its control under field condition. Indian J. Nematol. 1990;20:148-151.

Sharma SB., Sharma HK, Pankaj. Nematodes problem in India in: Crop pest and Disease management- challenges for the millennium (Ed. D. Prasad and S.N. Puri), Joyti Publishers, New Delhi. 2000: 267-275.

Khan MR, Jain RK, Singh RV, Pramanik A. Economically Important Plant Parasitic Nematodes Distribution Atlas. Directorate of Information and Publications of Agriculture, New Delhi. 2010:10.

Jain RK, Mathur KN, Singh RV. Estimation of losses due to plant parasitic nematodes on different crops in India. Indian Journal Nematology. 2007;37(2):219- 221.

Hussaini SS, Seshadri AR. Interrelationships between Meloidogyne incognita and Rhizobium sp. on mung bean (Phaseolus aureus). Indian Journal of Nematology. 1975;5:189–199.

Inderjit Singh VPS, Chahal PK, Sakhuja PK. Chohan JS. Effect of different levels of Meloidogyne incognita in the presence or absence of Rhizobium phaseoli on Phaseolus aureus. Indian Journal of Nematology. 1977;7:172–174.

Cobb NA. Estimating the nematode population of soil U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant. Ind. Agr. Tech. Cir. 1918;1:1-48.

Christie JR, Perry VG. Removing nematode from soil. Proceedings of Helminthological Society of Washington. 1951;18:106-108.

Mishra SD, Chakrabarti U. Distribution and intensity of nematode problems in oilseeds and pulses. National Congress on Centenary of Nematology in India appraisal and future plans. 2001:25-26.

Ali SS, Pervez, Rashid, Shaheen Azra, Ahmad R. Community Analysis of plant parasitic Nematodes associated with pulse crops in Hamirpur District (Uttar Pradesh), Indian Journal of Nematology. 2006;36 (1):99-102.

Roy K, Mukhopadhyay AK, Pramanik A. Occurrence, distribution and community analysis of plant parasitic nematodes associated with leguminous vegetable crops in west Bengal. Indian Journal of Nematology. 2007;37(1):58-62.

Chandrawat BS, Siddiqui AU, Sharma SK. Distribution, Occurrence and Population Density of Hoplolaimus spp. in and around Udaipur. Indian Journal of Nematology. 2013;43 (2):142-147.

Chandrawat BS, Siddiqui AU, Sharma SK. Three Known Species of Hoplolaimus Nematode found Associated with Perennial Ornamentals in and Around Udaipur. Indian Journal of Nematology. 2014a;44 (1):82-87.

Chandrawat BS, Siddiqui AU, Sharma SK, Singh Kuldeep, Singh Hanuman. Hoplolaimus spp. associated with perennial ornamentals in and around Udaipur. Current Nematology. 2014b;25 (1,2):47-49.

Singh RN. Root-knot disease of urd and mung in India. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology. 1972;2:87.

Chandrawat BS, Siddiqui AU, Bhati SS, Baheti BL, Rathore BS. Distribution and Community analysis of Hoplolaimus spp. on Perennial Ornamentals. Ecology, environment and conservation. 2016;22(2): 629-633

Jena P, Sahoo NK, Mahalik JK. Occurrence, distribution and community analysis of plant parasitic nematodes associated with green gram in coastal districts of Odisha, India. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research. 2020;7(4):1447-1451.

Ali SS, Sharma SB. Nematode survey of chickpea production areas in Rajasthan, India. nematol. Medit, 2003;31:147-149.