Evaluation of Feeding Potential of Mexican Beetle (Zygogramma bicolorata) on Carrot Grass (Parthenium hysterophorus) in Dehradun District, Uttarakhand, India

Yashika Negi *

Shri Guru Ram Rai University, Patel Nagar, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Veena Maurya

Shri Guru Ram Rai University, Patel Nagar, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Madhu Thapliyal

Govt. P. G. College, Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand, India.

Ashish Uniyal

D.D. Institute of Advance Studies, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Zygogramma bicolorata is an efficient natural control agent that can be used against Parthenium hysterophorus, a very common and allergic weed found in the Dehradun belt of Uttarakhand region. It is responsible for asthma, bronchitis, skin lesions, rashes, contact dermatitis, hay fever and various respiratory ailments. Z. bicolorata is a natural predator of this vicious weed. The feeding capacity of Mexican beetle, Z.bicolorata was studied under controlled conditions, at the Department of Zoology, S.G.R.R. University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 2023.Ten different sites were chosen from the Dehradun district, considering the widespread availability of Parthenium weed in the region. It was detected that the feeding capacity of the adult stage of the beetle was maximum in site 3 and lowest in site 6. The result showed in site 3 that he adult consumed 3.7 g leaves of Parthenium at 20 °C whereas, the similar relevant statistics were 2.3 mg. The detriment caused by Z. bicolorata was more visible when it was used at a higher density and at the initial growing stages of Parthenium. The fully mature stages were preferred less in comparison to the younger ones. This technique can be highly useful if implemented wisely in the management of Parthenium weed and contributes towards achieving the goal of sustainable development.

Keywords: Mexican beetle, parthenium, feeding potential, defoliation, sustainable development


How to Cite

Negi, Yashika, Veena Maurya, Madhu Thapliyal, and Ashish Uniyal. 2024. “Evaluation of Feeding Potential of Mexican Beetle (Zygogramma Bicolorata) on Carrot Grass (Parthenium Hysterophorus) in Dehradun District, Uttarakhand, India”. Annual Research & Review in Biology 39 (7):54-59. https://doi.org/10.9734/arrb/2024/v39i72099.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Dhurgude, SS, Patait DD, Kharat GS, Neharkar PS, Badgujar AG. Biology of Zygogramma bicolorata pallisteron different parts of Parthenium hysterophorus Linn. under laboratory conditions. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022;11(12):687-691

Dhiman CS, Bhargava LM. Bio-control efficiency of Zygogramma bicolorata Pallister (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) after field release in district Saharanpur. J. Exp. Zool. India. 2010;13 (2):341-347.

Kulkarni KA, Kulkarni NS. Survey of Zygogramma bicolorata pallister on parthenium in North Karnataka. Insect Environment. 2000;6(1),20.

Dhileepan K. Managing Parthenium hysterophorus across landscapes: limitations and prospects. InS. Inderjit (Eds.), management of invasive weeds, invading nature springer series in invasion ecology, Springer Science, Knoxville. 2009;5:227 -260.

Kumar H, Chaudhary D. Studies on the effect of weather parameters on thepopulation dynamics of Z. bicolorata on Parthenium hysterophorus. Indian J. Appl. Ent. 2005;19(2):150-151.

Mahna K, Sharma US. Biology of the Mexican beetle, Zygogramma bicolorata on Parthenium hysterophorus. Indian J. Appli. Ent. 2005;19(2):129-131.

Shreshtha BB, Paudel A, Karki D, Gautam RD, Jha PK. Fortuitous biological control of Parthenium hysterophorus by Zygogramma bicolorata in Nepal. J. Nat. Hist. Mus. 2010;25:333-32

Chakravarthy AK, Bhat NS. Ecology of beetle Zygogramma cunjucta (Roger) on Parthenium hysterophorus Linn. In proceeding of first international conferrence on parthenium management held at University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India. 1997;74-77.

Helen King. Tharmal physiological and predicted distribution of Zygogramma bicolorata (Chlysomelidae), A promising agent for the biological control of the invasive and weed parthenium hysterophours in South Africa. Thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal; 2008.

Gupta RK, Khan MS, Bal K, Monobrullah MD, Bhagat RM. Predatorybugs of Zygogramma bicolorata: An exotic beetle for biological suppression of Parthenium hysterophorus L. Bio-control Lab, Division of Entomology. Current Sciences. 2004; 87(7):1005-1010.

Dhileepan K, McFadyen RE. Biological control of parthenium in Australia: Progress and prospects. In: First international conference on parthenium management.6-october. Dharwad (Karnataka). 1997;1:40-44.

Jaiswal SK, Ganguli J. Life cycle details and biometics of Zygogramma bicolorata Pallister (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on Parthenium hysterophorus in Raipur, Chattisgarh. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2020;8(4):2038-2042.