Agrobacterium-Mediated Transient Assay of the Gus Gene Expression in Sugar Beet

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K. Moazami
S. E. Mortazavi
B. Heidari
P. Nouroozi


Modification of transformation systems with a set of markers is almost used to confirm whether the transgene has been successfully transmitted to the host cells. Transient expression technique is a fast and simple way to analyze promoter expression. This method is not affected by the position of the transgene in the target genome. In the present study, the gus reporter gene directed by the CaMV 35S promoter and the nptII selectable gene were used for optimization of transformation event in sugar beet. The results demonstrated the activity of β-glucuronidase in the Agrobacterium cells showing suppressed expression of the prokaryotic reporter gene. The function of the pCAMBIA2301 vector was assessed through inoculation of shoot apex with Agrobacterium. The results demonstrated that cells adjacent to the main vein of leave reared from tissue cultured apical meristems were suitable for transformation and regeneration. The highest shoot regeneration was achieved for tissue-cultured leaf explants grown in the presence of BA, IBA and TDZ media. In this study, an improved protocol for regeneration and genetic engineering of a sugar beet genotype was described using the tested vector. Analysis of GUS Histochemical and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the T0 generation plants demonstrated that the tested vector enables the expression of the gus gene in the transgenic plants that was an evidence of transient expression.

Transformation, CaMV 35S promoter, Agrobacterium, gus reporter gene

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How to Cite
Moazami, K., Mortazavi, S. E., Heidari, B., & Nouroozi, P. (2018). Agrobacterium-Mediated Transient Assay of the Gus Gene Expression in Sugar Beet. Annual Research & Review in Biology, 30(1), 1-7.
Original Research Article