Main Article Content
Background: The therapeutic value of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine is attributable in part to paracrine pathways triggered by several secreted factors secreted into culture media. The secreted factor here is known as the conditioned medium (CM) or secretome.
Objectives: This review is aimed to investigate and summarise the in-vitro, pre-clinical in-vivo studies regarding the role of CM-MSC in bone regeneration from 2007 until 2018
Data Sources: A systematic literature search on PubMed, MEDLINE, OVID, Scopus and Cochrane library was carried out by using search terms: Secretome, conditioned medium, mesenchymal stem cell, bone healing, osteogenic, osteogenesis.
Methods: A total of 611 articles were reviewed. Ten articles were identified as relevant for this systematic literature review.
Results: Three tables of studies were constructed for in vitro studies and in-vivo studies.
Conclusion: All of the included in-vitro studies and in-vivo studies have shown a promoting effect of bone regeneration at various stages. Although there are no clinical studies regarding the use of CM-MSC in the human bone regeneration that have been conducted, transplantation of secretome has shown a promising result in the acceleration of bone healing process.