Publication of high quality, high impact, peer-reviewed research papers and books.
We are available for any assistance 24X7.
Fast and Transparent
We process all manuscripts fast and transparently, without compromising the peer-review standard.
High quality and lowest price are our USPs.
Morpho-physiological Basis of Yield Performance of Early Maturing Rice Varieties in Bangladesh
Annual Research & Review in Biology,
A considerable progress in plant breeding for higher yield is attained mainly through selection of morpho-physiological attributes in rice. The field experiments were conducted at three different locations under sub-tropical conditions with four early maturing rice varieties viz., Binadhan-7, Binadhan-17, BRRI dhan33, and BRRI dhan39 during kharif-2 rice season (Aman; July-October) of 2016 to find out the natural variation in the morpho-physiological attributes contributing to higher grain yield in rice. Morphological parameters on plant height, root structure, tillering ontogeny, internode elongation pattern, flag leaf length, flag leaf width, flag leaf angle, number of primary & secondary rachis, branches and also physiological traits on chlorophyll content, photosynthesis rate, total dry mass, growth rate, number of vascular bundles, harvest index with yield and yield contributing characters were studied. Results indicated that plants having rapid growth and development at early growth stages showed higher chlorophyll content, photosynthesis rate, long flag leaf, number of vascular bundles in 1st internode and also exhibited the increase in the number of grains per panicle resulting higher grain yield. Among the test varieties, Binadhan-17 showed superiority in the most morpho-physiological criteria and higher number of vascular bundles manifesting in higher grain yield. This information may help breeders to identity and develop high yielding rice variety.
- early maturing
- rice varieties
How to Cite
Available online: http://www.fao.org
Yang J, Zhang J. Grain-filling problem in ‘super’ rice. J. Exp. Bot. 2010;61(1):1-5.
Shi J, Li R, Qiu D, Jiang C, Long Y, Morgan C, Bancroft I, Zhao J, Meng J. Unraveling the complex trait of crop yield with quantitative trait loci mapping in Brassica napus. Genetics. 2009;182: 851-861.
Wang Y, Li J. Molecular basis of plant architecture. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 2008; 59:253-279.
Yan WH, Liu HY, Zhou XC, Li QP, Zhang J, Lu L, Liu TM, Liu HJ, Zhang CJ, Zhang ZY, Shen GJ, Yao W, Chen HX, Yu SB, Xie WB, Xing YZ. Natural variation in Ghd 7.1 plays an important role in grain yield and adaptation in rice. Cell Res. 2013; 23:969-971.
Wu X. Prospects of developing hybrid rice with super high yield. Agron. J. 2009;101:688-695.
Selvaraj IC, Nagarajan P, Thiyagarajan K, Bharathi M, Rabindran R. Genetic parameters of variability, correlation and path coefficient studies for grain yield and other yield attributes among rice blast disease resistant genotypes of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Afr. J. Biotechnol. 2011; 10:3322-3334.
Puteh AB, Saragih AA, Ismail MR, Mondal MMA. Grain yield of cultivated and weedy rice to water stress at reproductive stage. J. Food Agric. Environ. 2013;11(2):742-746.
Akter MB, Kim B, Lee Y, Koh E, Koh HJ. Fine mapping and candidate gene analysis of a new mutant gene for panicle apical abortion in rice. Euphytica. 2014;197:387-398.
Babu VR, Shreya K, Dangi KS, Usharani G, Nagesh P. Genetic variability studies for qualitative and quantitative traits in popular rice (Oryza sativa L.) hybrids of India. Inter. J. Sci. Res. Publications. 2012;2(6):1-5.
Berahim Z, Ismail MR, Halimi MS, Mondal MMA, Panhwar QA, Islam MR. Effectiveness of different phytohormones on grain filling and yield of rice under drought stress. J. Food Agric. Environ. 2014;12(2):697-700.
Xue W, Xing Y, Weng X, Zhao Y, Tang W. Natural variation in Ghd7 is an important regulator of heading date and yield potential in rice. Nat. Genet. 2008;40:761-767.
Takeda K. Internode elongation and dwarfism in some gramineous plants. Gamma Field Symp. 1977;16:1-18.
Sharma AP, Singh SP. Relationship of physiological attributes with grain yield in rice. Agric. Sci. Digest. 2000;20(3):191-192.
Islam MT. Photosynthesis, conductance, transpiration, water use efficiency and grain growth of high yielding rice varieties under water stress. Int. J. Expt. Agric. 2010;1(2):10-14.
Gorney AG, Larson S. New aspect in root breeding. Proc. III. Congress of Eucarpia Goltingen, Germany. 1989;339-356.
Flood RG, Martin PJ, Gardner WK. Dry matter accumulation and partitioning and its relationship to grain yield in wheat. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 1995;35:495-502.
Mondal MMA, Puteh AB, Malek MA, Ismail MR, Rafii MY, Latif MA. Seed yield in relation to growth and developmental aspects of mungbean. The Scientific World J; 2012.
Peng S, Khush GS, Virk P, Tang Q, Zou Y. Progress in ideotype breeding to increase yield potential. Field Crops Res. 2008;108:32-38.
Masuda T, Fujita Y. Regulation and evolution of chlorophyll metabolism. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2008;7:1131-1149.
Saragih AA, Puteh AB, Ismail MR, Mondal MMA. Pollen quality traits of cultivated and weedy rice to water stress at reproductive stage. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 2013;7:1106-11.
Yoshida H, Horie T. A process model for explaining genotypic and environmental variation in growth and yield of rice based on measured plant N accumulation. Field crops res. 2009; 113(3):227-37.
Ambavaram MMR, Basu S, Krishnan A, Ramegowda V, Batlang U, Rahman L, Baisakh N, Pereira A. Coordinated regulation of photosynthesis in rice increases yield and tolerance to environmental stress. Nature Communications, 2014;5:5302.
Takai T, Adachi S, Taguchi-Shiobara F, Sanoh-Arai Y, Iwasawa N, Yoshinaga S, Hirose S, Taniguchi Y, Yamanouchi U, Wu J. A natural variant of NAL1, selected in high-yield rice breeding programs, pleiotropically increases photosynthesis rate. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2149.
Huang L, Dai L, Wang L, Leng Y, Yang Y, Xu J, Hu J, Rao Y, Zhang G, Zhu L, Dong G. Genetic dissection for chlorophyll content of the top three leaves during grain filling in rice (Oryza sativa L.). J. Plant Growth Regul. 2015;34(2):381-91.
Makino A. Photosynthesis, grain yield and nitrogen utilization in rice and wheat. Plant Physiol. 2011;155(1):125-129.
Davood BT, Ali G, Hemmal AP, Morteza N. Flag leaf morphophysiological response to different agronomical treatment in a promising line of rice (Oryza sativa L.). American- Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 2009;5(3):403-408.
Chang S, Chang T, Song Q, Zhu XG, Deng Q. Photosynthetic and agronomic traits of an elite hybrid rice Y-Liang-You 900 with a record-high yield. Field Crops Res. 2016;187:49-57.
Badger MR. Role of plant leaf development in optimising photosynthetic efficiency, capacity, growth and yield. Applying photosynthesis research to improvement of food crops. 2013;20.
Togay N, Togay Y, Yildirin B, Dogan Y. Relationships between yield and some yield components in pea (Pisum sativum subsp. arvense L.) genotypes by using correlation and path analysis. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 2008;7(23):4285-4287.
Ali MA, Nawad NN, Abbas A, Zulkiffal M, Sajjad M. Evaluation of selection criteria in Cicerarietinum L. using correlation coefficients and path analysis. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 2009;3(2):65-70.
BARC. Fertilizer Recommendation Guide (FRG). Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka; 2012.
Kato Y, Kamoshita A, Yamagishi J, Imoto H, Abe J. Growth of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars under upland conditions with different levels of water supply 3. Root system development, soil moisture changeand plant water status, Plant Prod. Sci. 2007;10(1):3-13.
Akter MB, Piao R, Reflinur, Rahman ML, Lee Y, Seo J, Kim B, Koh HJ. Characterization and mapping of d13, a dwarfing mutant gene, in rice. Genes Genom. 2015;37:893.
Gutam S. Dry matter partitioning, grain filling and grain yield in wheat genotype. Communications Biometry Crop Sci. 2011;6(2):48-63.
Russell DF. MSTAT-C Pakage Programme. Crop and soil science department, Michigan University, USA; 1986.
Mazid MS, Rafii MY, Hanafi MM, Rahim HA, Latif MA. Genetic variation, heritability, divergence and biomass accumulation of rice genotypes resistant to bacterial blight revealed by quantitative traits and ISSR markers. Physiol. Plant, 2013;149(3):432-447.
Fageria NK. Yield physiology of rice. J. Plant Nutri. 2007;30:843-879.
Prakash M, Anandan A, Kumar SB. Varietal variations in flag leaf area and yield in mutant lines of py5 rice. Karmataka J. Agric. Sci. 2011;24(4):525-526.
Jeng TL, Tseng TH, Wang CS, Chen CL, Sung JM. Yield and grain uniformity in contrasting rice genotypes suitable for different growth environments. Field Crops Res. 2006;99(1):59-66.
Puteh AB, Mondal MMA, Ismail MR, Latif MA. Grain sterility in relation to dry mass production and distribution of rice. Biomed Res; 2014. Intl. dx.
Ohsumi A, Hamasaki A, Nakagawa H, Yoshida H, Shiraiwa T, Horie T. A model explaining genotypic and ontogenetic variation of leaf photosynthetic rate in rice (Oryza sativa) based on leaf nitrogen content and stomatal conductance. Ann Bot. 2007;99:265-273.
Mondal MAA, Puteh AB, Malek MA, Rafii MY. Contribution of morpho-physiological attributes on yield in lentil. Plant Omics. 2013;7:1503-1507.
Teale WD, Paponov IA, Palme K. Auxin in action: Signalling, transport and the control of plant growth and development. Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 2006;7:847-859.
Aohara T, Kotake T, Kaneko Y, Takatsuji H, Tsumuraya Y, Kawasaki S. Rice BRITTLE CULM 5 (BRITTLE NODE) is involved in secondary cell wall formation in the sclerenchyma tissue of nodes. Plant Cell Physiol. 2009;50:1886-1897.
Yang J, Peng S, Zhang Z, Wang Z, Visperas RM, Zhu Q. Grain and dry matter yields and partitioning of assimilate in japonica/indica hybrid rice. Crop Sci. 2002;42(3):766-772.
Abstract View: 1476 times
PDF Download: 558 times