A Substrate Made from Açaí Berry Waste Used in the Production of Aroeira (Myracrodruon urundeuva) Seedlings

Main Article Content

Roldão Carlos Andrade Lima
Adriana de Sousa Freitas
Andressa Layane Ferreira Linhares
Bianca Pinheiro da Costa Neiva
Brunna Tavares da Silva Brito Sousa
Kaio Lucena Vidal
Dalton Henrique Angelo
Wilson Araujo da Silva


The açaí berry processing activity generates a large amount of waste that is a problem in several cities, mainly in the Amazon region of Brazil, due to the large production of açaí juice. This study aimed to reuse the waste from açaí berry’s processing as a substrate in the production of aroeira native seedlings, studying the effects of its application and evaluating the morphological parameters results. The experiment was carried out in the greenhouse in the city of Imperatriz - MA, with waste collection carried out in 2015. After collection, part of the waste was charred and transformed into the substrate through grinding and sieving. Subsequently, the substrates were mixed with the local soil in different proportions. Thus, the 9 treatments were obtained. To test the substrate the native aroeira species was used. The effects of different treatments were evaluated 15, 30, 45 and 60 days after germination, by plant height (H), neck diameter (ND) and leaf number (NL). The results showed that the use of this residue is not promising as a substrate because they do not have good performances for the parameters evaluated in the seedlings.

Açaí waste, reuse, substrate.

Article Details

How to Cite
Andrade Lima, R. C., Freitas, A. de S., Linhares, A. L. F., Costa Neiva, B. P. da, Silva Brito Sousa, B. T. da, Lucena Vidal, K., Angelo, D. H., & da Silva, W. A. (2019). A Substrate Made from Açaí Berry Waste Used in the Production of Aroeira (Myracrodruon urundeuva) Seedlings. Annual Research & Review in Biology, 33(4), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/arrb/2019/v33i430126
Original Research Article


Oliveira AG, Costa MCD, Rocha SMBM. Functional benefits of açai berry in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Journal of Amazon Health Science. 2015;1(1):1-10. English

Pagliarussi MS, Munari PA, Santos MO, Person JDC. Perspectives of application of operational research in the planning of the acai agroindustrial chain. 1st Ed. São Carlos: Embrapa Instrumentation. (Org.); 2012. Portuguese

Brown AS, Paiva AV. Production of Physocalymma scaberrimum seedlings in substrates composed by different percentages of açai organic residue. Forest. 2012;42(2):399-408. Portuguese

BRAZIL. Ministry of the Environment. Waste Management: National Solid Waste Policy. Brasilia: MMA; 2010.

Rogez H. Acai: Preparation, composition and conservation improvement. Bethlehem: EDUFPA. 2000;313.

Menezes EMS, Torres AT, Sabaa-Srur AUO. Lyophilized Acai Pulp (Euterpe oleracea, Mart.) nutritional value. Amazon Act. 2008;38(2):311-316. English

Gonçalves JLM. Fertilization recommendations for eucalyptus, Pinus and typical Atlantic forest species. Piracicaba: University of Sao Paulo. 1995;15. (Forestry Documents)

Araújo Neto SE, Azevedo JMA, Galvao RO, Oliveira EBL, Ferreira RLF. Organic production of sweet pepper seedlings with different substrates. Rural Science. 2009;39(5):1408-1413. English

Brown AS, Paiva AV. Seedling emergence of supiaran (Alchornea discolour Poepp.) in substrate composed of different percentages of acai organic waste. REVSBAU. 2011;6(1):85-98. English

Nunes YRF, Fagundes M, Almeida HS, Veloso MDM. Ecological aspects of aroeira (Myracrodruon urundeuva all Germany - Anacardiaceae): Phenology and seed germination. Tree Magazine. 2008;32(2): 233-243. English

Köppen W, Geiger R. Klimate der Erde. Gotha: Verlag Justus Perthes; 1928.

Munsell Soil Color Company. Munsell soil colour chats. Macbeth Division of Kollmorgen Corporation: Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 1950. Revised; 1975.

Silva LMM, Rodrigues TJD, Aguiar IB. The effect of light and temperature on the germination of Myracrodruon urundeuva German. Tree Magazine. 2002;26(6):691-697. English

Sousa LFRA, Marine RWD, Nunes FM, Costa NB, Birth IO, Silva WA. Incubation of yellow red argissol dystrophic with increasing doses of CaCO3 to neutralize exchangeable acidity. Agroecosystems Magazine. 2014;6(1):66-73. Portuguese

Daniel O, Vitorino ACT, Alovisi AA, Mazzochin L, Tokura AM, Pine ER, Souza EF. Phosphorus application in Acacia mangium Willd seedlings. Tree Magazine. 1997;21(2):163-168. Portuguese

Favarin JL, Golden Grandson D, Garcia AG, New NAV, Favarin MGGV. Equations for estimating the coffee leaf area index. Brazilian Agricultural Research. 2002;37(6):769-773. English

Gonçalves JLM, Poggiani F. Substrates for forest seedling production. In: Latin American Soil Science Congress, 13, Piracicaba, SP. Annals ... Piracicaba, Latin American Society of Soil Science, CD-ROM; 1996.

Silva Junior JF, Marques Junior J, Camargo LA, Teixeira DB, Panosso AR, Pereira GT. Geostatistical simulation for the spatial characterization of iron oxides in different landforms. Brazilian Journal of Soil Science. 2012;36(6):1690-1703. English

Correa MM, Ker JC, Barrón V, Fontes MPF, Torrent J, Curi N. Characterizing iron oxides from coastal and central plain soils. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Solo. 2008;32(3):1017-1031. English

Teixeira LB, Germano VLC, Oliveira RF, Furlan Junior J. Composting processes using residues from the açaí and palm heart agro-industries. Bethlehem: Embrapa Eastern Amazon. 2005;6. (Technical Circular 41). Portuguese