Nipping - A Simple Strategy to Boost The Yield - Review
Annual Research & Review in Biology,
Nipping is an important practice that removes the apical dominance and promotes the lateral branches which in turn improves the yield of crops. It plays a vital role for better maintenance of source and sink relationship and for ameliorating the productivity. Nipping can be done in two ways either by clipping manually or by spraying growth retardants such as mepiquat chloride, chlormequat chloride and maleic hydrazide. In this review, the influence of nipping on the growth and yield of various crops has been discussed.
- yield of crops
- low yields
- growth retardants.
How to Cite
Huang YP. A trial topping of Vicia faba. Zhejiang Agricultural Science. 1987;1:2-14.
York AC. Response of cotton to mepiquat chloride with varying N rates and plant populations. Agronomy Journal. 1983;75(4):667-672.
Bora RK, Sarma CM. Effect of GA3 and CCC on growth, yield and protein content of soybean (cv. Ankur). Environ. Biol. Conserv. 2004;9:59-65.
Singh AN, Singh JS. Experiments on ecological restoration of coal mine spoil using native trees in a dry tropical environment, India: A synthesis. New forests. 2006;31(1):25-39.
Sharma Arjun, Potdar MP, Pujari BT, Dharmaraj PS. Studies on response of pigeonpea to canopy modification and plant geometry. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2003; 16(1):1-3.
Prashant Reddy Effect of growth retardants and nipping on growth and yield parameters in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) M. Sc.(Agri.) Thesis. University of Agricultural Science, Dharwad; 2005.
Reddy, Pr, Ninganur BT, Chetti MB, Hiremath SM. Effect of growth retardants and nipping on chlorophyll content, nitrate reductase activity, seed protein content and yield in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2009;22(2):289-292.
Baloch MS, Zubair M. Effect of nipping on growth and yield of chickpea. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 2010;20(3):208-210.
Iyyannagouda S. Influence of spacing, nutrition, pinching and hormones on plant growth, seed yield and quality of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). M.Sc. (Agri.) Department of Agronomy, University of Agricultural Sciences. Dharwad; 2003.
Kithan L, Singh R. Effect of nipping, crop geometry and different levels of nitrogen on the growth and yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017;6(4):1089-1092.
Sarkar RK, Pal PK. Effect of crop geometry, fertility level and nipping on parameters in relation to productivity of sesame (Sesamum indicum). Indian Journal of Agricultural Science. 2005;75(3):143-146.
Duary B, Ghosh AK. Effect of nipping on productivity and economics of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under varying levels of plant density. Madras Agricultural Journal. 2009. 96(7-12):386-388.
Srinivasan GR, Gobi A, Balasubramanian S. Sathiyamurthi. Influence of nipping and nutrient management practices on growth, yield attributes and yield in pigeonpea. Plant Archives. 2019; 19(1):737-740.
Madalgeri, Ganiger. Mepiquat chloride increases potato yield. Journal of Indian Potato Association. 1993;20(3-4):45.
Reddy SC, Patil SV. Effect of growth retardants on the yield and yield attributes of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences; 1981.
Jaidka M, Deol JS, Brar AS. Development of optimized source-sink relationship, favourable morpho-physiological behaviour and profitability of soybean through detopping and mepiquat chloride application. J Crop Weed. 2018;14:82-89.
Thanopoulos C, Petropoulos SA, Alexopoulos AA, Karapanos IC, Khah EM, Akoumianakis KA, Passam HC. A comparison of the effectiveness of chlormequat chloride (CCC) application and terminal apex excision to restrict plant height in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) and optimize yield. Journal of Agricultural Science. 2013;5(9):44.
Dorrell DG. Controlling plant height in sunflowers with growth retardants. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 1973;53(2):417-418.
Choudhary AK, Suri VK. Scaling up of pulse production under frontline demonstration technology transfer program in Himachal Himalayas, India. Communications in soil science and plant analysis. 2014;45(14):1934-1948.
Fujii S, Saka H. The physiological action of brassinosteriods. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. 2003;22:276-288.
Souza, Fábio Suano de, Ciro Antonio Rosolem. Rainfall intensity and mepiquat chloride persistence in cotton. Scientia Agricola. 2007;64(2):125-130.
Prakash M, Kumar JS, Kannan K, Kumar MS, Ganesan J. Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Growth, Physiology and Yield of Blackgram. Legume Research. 2003;26(3). Prashant,
Rajesh K, Reddy SN, Reddy APK, Singh BG. A comparative study of plant growth regulators on morphological, seed yield and quality parameters of greengram. International J. Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology. 2014;5(3):103-109.
Partovian M, Sinaki JM, Pasari B, Dashtban. Cycocel effects on physiological traits of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) varieties under drought stress conditions. International journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. 2013;4(6):1369-1375.
Paikra V, Paikra IS, Lakpale R. Effect of different doses of cyclanilide+ mepiquat chloride on crop growth and quality of soybean (Glycine max L.). Biosciences. 2018;1812.
Chikkappiah NCM, Meena MK. Effect of seed hardening techniques on crop growth, growth parameters and yield in rainfed wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). University of Agricultural Sciences Dharwad; 2008.
Sajjan AS, Shekaragouda M, Badanur VP. Influence of apical pinching and fruit picking on growth and seed yield in okra. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2002;15(2):367-372.
Aziz MA. Response of chickpea to nipping. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. 2002;43(3):191-192.
Aslam M, Ahmad HK, Ayaz M, Ahmad E, Arshad M. Effect of available soil moisture depletion levels and topping treatments on growth rate and total dry biomass in chickpea. Journal of Agricultural Research (Pakistan); 2008.
Thakral KK, Singh GR, Pandey UC, Srivastava VK. Effect of nitrogen levels and cutting on the production of green leaves and seed yield of coriander cv. Natural selection. Haryana Agr. Univ. J. Res. 1991;22:35-39.
Menon R, Khader MA. Effect of leaf plucking on the growth and grain yield of coriander. Indian Cocoa, Arecanut and Spices Journal. 1997;21:74-75.
Sudarshan JS. Influence of apical bud pinching, chemical spray and physiological maturity on seed yield and quality of fenugreek. M.Sc, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences. Dharwad; 2004.
Shankaregouda I, Patil SA. Nipping of side branches for higher yield in restorer line for efficient hybrid seed production in sunflower. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 1994; 7(3):257- 259.
Kubsad VS, Mallapur CP, Gulaganji GG. Response of safflower cultivars to thinning and nipping. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2001;14(2):459-461.
Vyakaranahal BS, Shekhargouda M, Prabhakar AS, Patil SA, Shashidhar SD. Studies on improvement of seed yield and quality in sunflower restorer lines. Seed Research. 2002; 30(1):18-24.
Patel RS, Patel ZG. Effect of nipping on gram. Annals of Agricultural Research. 1990; 11(2):215-217.
Venkadachalam K. Response of sesame cultivars to crop geometry and clipping management in tail end of cauvery delta zone. M.Sc thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore; 2003.
Obasi MO, Msaakpa TS. Influence of topping, side branch pruning and hill spacing on growth and development of cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) in the southern guinea savanna location of Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (JARTS). 2005;106(2):155-165.
Reddy P. Effect of growth retardants and nipping on growth and yield parameters in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). M.Sc thesis, Department of Agronomy, University of Agricultural Sciences. Dharwad; 2005.
Kokilavani S, Jagannathan R, Selvaraju R, Thavaprakaash N. Influence of terminal clipping on growth and yield of sesame varieties. Asian J. Agric. Res. 2007;1(3):142-145.
Sudhakar C, Rani CS. Effect of plant growth retardants on growth, yield and economics of kharif pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan. L). International Journal of Chemical Studies. 2018;6(6):1495-1498.
Jeyakumar P, Velu G, Rajendran C, Amutha R, Savery MAJR, Chidambaram S. Varied responses of black gram (Vigna mungo) to certain foliar applied chemicals and plant growth regulators. Legume Research-An International Journal. 2008;31(2):105-109.
Lakshmi J, Gowda R, Narayanaswamy S, Shivanandam VN. Influence of pre- flowering pinching and Maleic hydrazide spray on plant growth, seed yield and quality attributes in fenugreek. Legume Research: An International Journal. 2015;38(3).
Baboo R, Rana NS. Nutrient uptake and yield of clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) as influenced by nitrogen, phosphorus and seed rate. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 1995; 40(3):482-485.
Gill BS, Randhawa GS, Saini SS. Effect of sowing dates and herb-cutting management on growth and yield of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum). Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2001; 46(2):364-367.
Basha SJ, Maheswara Reddy P. Effect of plant geometry and topping on growth and yield of summer sesame. Journal of Oilseeds Research. 2001;18(2):273-274.
Shivaramu HS, Krishna Murthy D. Staggered nipping in castor planted with different dates of sowing under dry land conditions. Mysore journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2008;42(4):776.
Sujatha M, Uppar DS, Deshpande VK, Nawalagatti CM. Seed hardening, nipping and foliar spray of cycocel on growth, yield and quality of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Environment and Ecology. 2017;35(2):703-707.
Sonboir HL, Sahu BK, Tripathi VK. Evaluation of row spacing and nipping on productivity and profitability of chickpea under irrigated condition. Green Farming. 2017;8(2):422-425.
Nayak H, Durga KK, Bharathi V, Keshavulu K. Evaluation of Different Pinching Approaches on Seed Yield in Dhaincha. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2017;6(10):898-909.
Bhavana J, Sanbagavalli S, Chinnusamy C. Influence of nipping and spacing on growth and yield of rainfed horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2019;8(3):3206-3208.
Gwathmey CO, Clement JD. Alteration of cotton source-sink relations with plant population density and mepiquat chloride. Field crops research. 2010;116(1-2):101-107.
Singh S, Kler DS. Effect of bed planting, seed rate and mepiquat chloride treatment on nitrogen content, protein content and soil nitrogen status in gram (Cicer arietinum L.). Crop Reasearch. 2005;29(2):182-184.
Jeyakumar P, Thangaraj M. Physiological and biochemical effects of mepiquat chloride on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). Madras Agricultural Journal. 1998;85:23-25.
Zaky LM, El-Bahay MM, Dowidar AE, Latif HH. Some physiological studies on the effect of the growth retardants (pix) on vicia fuba plants. Egyptian J. Physiol. Sci. 1999;23(3):335-354.
Senthil A, Pathmanaban G, Thangaraj M. Effect of Growth Regulators on Certain Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Greengram Var. Vbn-l (Vigna rapiata L. wilczek). Legume Research. 2003;26(3).
Uma Maheswari M, Murali krishnasamy S, Kumar M, Sakthivel N. Impact of high density planting system and growth retardtants on root growth and yield attributes in machine sown cotton. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2019;8(3): 123-130.
Dandge MS, Ingle YV, Peshattiwar PD, Dikey HH, Mohod PV. Effect of Chlormequat Chloride on Growth and Yield of Soybean. Advances. 2014; 274.
Arora N, Balwinder Kaur Parmil Singh, Paramar U. Effect of IAA and cycocel on yield contributing parameters of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Annals of Agricultural Research. 1998;19(3):279-281.
Kiran Kumar KA, Patil BC, Chetti MB. Effect of plant growth regulators on physiological components of yield in hybrid cotton. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 2005;10(2):187-190.
Abstract View: 319 times
PDF Download: 257 times