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Open Access Original Research Article

Valuable Effect of Using Probiotics in Poultry Farming

Fail Khaziakhmetov, Ayrat Khabirov, Ruzil Avzalov, Gulnara Tsapalova, Maksim Rebezov, Khamit Tagirov, Shaydulla Giniyatullinov, Khalyaf Ishmuratov, Galina Mishukovskaya, Fatyma Gafarova, Zhanibek Yessimbekov

Annual Research & Review in Biology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ARRB/2018/40070

In this paper the effects of different probiotic, such as "Vitafort", "Lactobyfadol" and "Batsispecin" on turkey, ducklings and goslings growth were evaluated. The studies were carried out at different poultry farms of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Using of "Vitafort", "Lactobyfadol" probiotics in poultry nutrition showed a positive dynamic of live weight gain by 9.2 and 12.5% in turkeys, 5,0 and 5,2% in ducklings and 3.7 to 10.5% in goslings live weight. The optimal dose of "Lactobifadol" probiotics in turkey nutrition was 0.5 ml (107CFU/g) per 1 kg of live weight and at a dose of 0.2 g per 1 kg of live weight in the diets of ducklings. In addition, for goslings the probiotic "Bacispecin" was used with 108 CFU/ml at a dose of 1 ml per 1 kg of live weight. These doses proved to increase the full value of rations as well as the growth and development of birds. There was a positive economic effect of using the probiotics in rations of birds.

Open Access Original Research Article

Screening of Antimicrobial Residue in Commercial Eggs in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State

Haruna Baba Galadima, Yaqub Ahmad Geidam, Bala Usman Shamaki, Hauwa Ibrahim Abdulrahman, Bulama Ibrahim, Isa Adamu Gulani

Annual Research & Review in Biology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ARRB/2018/39469

The objectives of the study were to screen for antimicrobial residue in table eggs in Maiduguri metropolis. Multistage sampling technique was used based on the 4 major district of Maiduguri Metropolis Viz; Bolori, Gwange, Kyarimi park and Shehuri North. Four hundred commercial egg samples were collected for the study. One hundred and sixteen table eggs were sampled from 35 randomly selected poultry layer farms and 284 were obtained from 37 randomly selected egg commercial retail outlets. The antimicrobial screening of eggs was carried out using the disc diffusion method where Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 from spectra medics' laboratory in Ogun state was used as the test organism. One hundred and sixteen (116) table eggs collected from farms across the study district, 36 (31%) were each from Bolori and Gwange, 39 (33.6%) from Kyarimi Park and 5 (4.3%) from Shehuri North. A total of 49 positive samples were obtained which include 17 (47.2%), 21 (58.3%), 10 (25.6%) and 1 (20%) from Bolori, Gwange, Kyarimi Park and Shehuri North respectively (Fig. 2). There was no significant difference (P=0.095) among the clusters. Out of the 284 egg samples collected from the retail outlet, 201 (70.1%) samples were from Jos and 83 (29.2%) from Ibadan. A total of 100 (35.2%) samples were positives for antimicrobial screening which comprises of 71 (35.32%) and 29 (34.94%) from Jos and Ibadan respectively. With no significant difference between the two sources (P=0.902). From this study, it was concluded that: There is small flock size (backyard) farm in Maiduguri with 94.3% of the farmers holding equal or less than 500 birds in their farms. Antimicrobial residue detected in the study area is alarming.

Open Access Original Research Article

Variations in Phytophenol Compounds in Association with Morphological Traits in Trigonella spp. Accessions

Mehrnaz Riasat, Hassan Pakniyat, Bahram Heidari, Ali Ashraf Jafari

Annual Research & Review in Biology, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/ARRB/2018/39533

Aims: To investigate the interrelationship between morphological traits and several phytophenol compounds as important essential oils in 23 fenugreek (Trigonella spp) accessions.

Study Design: The experimental design was a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated in two growing seasons.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Natural Resources, Fars Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, Shiraz, Iran in the years 2015 and 2016.

Methodology: Several agronomic and morphological traits were measured in the field. Leaf tissue samples were used to extract phytophenol compositions by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method.

Results: The results of analysis of variance revealed that the year × accession interaction was not significant for phytophenol compounds whereas morphological traits were affected by this variance component. Great variations were found for phytophenols. Simple correlation analysis revealed that except quercetin most of phytophenols were not associated with morphological traits but multivariate statistical analysis techniques demonstrated association of these two sets of variables. Trans-ferulic acid, p-Coumaric acid, rutin and hesperidin were the most important phytophenol compounds associated with shoot fresh weight. Several phytophenols had direct and positive relation with shoot fresh weight whereas several others decreased as shoot fresh weight were increased. Quercetin was significantly associated with most of morphological attributes.

Conclusion: The outcome of this study provides more options to breeders in terms of several unresolved issues in fenugreek with respect to phytophenol compositions and their associations with important morphological traits.

Open Access Original Research Article

Phylogeny and Detection of blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M Genes in Escherichia coli Isolates from Patients with Urinary Tract Infections in Taif Hospitals, Saudi Arabia

Mohamed M. Hassan, Ahmed Gaber, Walaa F. Alsanie, Ehab I. El-Hallous, Alaa A. Mohamed, Abdulla A. Alharthi, Amena M. Ibrahim

Annual Research & Review in Biology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ARRB/2018/39689

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) represent one of the most common diseases that are encountered in clinical practice and are caused mainly by Escherichia coli (E. coli).

Aims: The objectives of this study were to identify and compare the blaTEMblaSHV and blaCTX-M  as marker of beta-lactamase genes in E. coli strains isolated from patients with UTIs collecting from King Abdul-Aziz hospital in Taif region, Saudi Arabia.

Study Design: In vitro experimental and molecular study.

Place and Duration of Study: Genetic engineering and biotechnology unit, Taif University, from September, 2016 to November, 2017.

Methodology: Beta-lactame antibiotics are prescribed in most infectious disease including UTIs. Twenty one isolates identified as E. coli using microbial identification and confirmed by 16S rDNA. 

Results: These isolates were susceptible to Imipenem (100%), Ampicillin (90%) and Cefoxitin, but resistant to Cefepime (38%). Existance of selected bla-genes (blaTEM, blaSHV and blaCTX-M) were detected in the 21 isolates by PCR. Moreover, phylogeny tree was drawn based on 16S rDNA sequence. The results of this study show significant differences in susceptibility to different beta-lactam antibiotics among the bla-genes in E. coli isolates.

Conclusion: Therefore, our findings instead of our data provide some new epidemiological information about the clonal nature of E. coli isolated from patients with UTIs in Taif region, KSA.

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Assessment of Biological and Fisheries Productivity of Caspian Sturgeons Species

L. A. Zykov, T. F. Kurochkina, B. M. Nasibulina, M. Ali Attaala, N. N. Popov

Annual Research & Review in Biology, Page 1-20
DOI: 10.9734/ARRB/2018/39511

Based on the model describing the dynamics of the number of generations of fish during the life cycle, the influence of growth and maturity on the biological and commercial productivity of conditional populations of Caspian sturgeon, formed from 1.0 million specimens of yearlings, was studied. On the biomass of conditional sturgeon populations, their gross output and catch are influenced by the length of yearlings, the size and age of maturity, the periodicity of spawning, the rate of linear and weight growth of individuals, and the degree of stocks catching. The highest yield of biomass and catch, obtained from 1 million yearlings, is observed in Beluga (Huso huso), then Ship Sturgeon (Acipenser nudiventris), Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii), Stellate Sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus) and sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus).